Lebanese Stuffed Koosa
Stuffed Koosa. Are you a Koosa?
Lebanese Stuffed Koosa is a traditional dish of light green summer squash stuffed with a meat and rice mixture, cooked in deeply savory tomato broth. Can’t find koosa? That’s just fine; use zucchini or yellow squash for delicious results.
Many of us at some point or another have called a small child “pumpkin.” Sweet little thing you just want to eat up. My father was someone who enjoyed taking liberties with language, and he developed his own kind of Arabic/English comedian-language that needed no translation to make sense to everyone in our family. I honestly don’t know if it’s commonly used or if Dad coined it himself when he started calling his children “koosa.” Sweet summer squash, Lebanese stuffed koosa that you just want to eat up.
He was a Lebanese father through and through, which meant that his children were his children no matter their age. This fact, along with my petite stature, caused me in my early 20s to work extra hard to be regarded as a Professional Woman rather than the playful girl that resided under my thin veil of suits and heels. But in a moment, in a flash, my father could pull back the curtain and reveal that I was not the Wizard of Oz, but really his little girl.
I was working my first real job out of graduate school for an association in Lansing, Michigan. I sat in a front office with several offices open to one another. We could all hear each other’s conversations. One sunny morning my dad came through the front door for a meeting he had in the building, peeked his head around the corner to find me at my desk, and boomed “HOW’S MY KOOSA?!”
I cringed at the thought of my colleagues seeing me as my father’s little girl rather than as ‘The Director of Communications.’
But the look on his face, and that he expressed his love so freely—that’s the kind of memory that you pull out of your back pocket like a well-worn St. Jude prayer card, a solace in desperate times.
Now we always ask the delicious little children in the family: “Are you a Koosa?!” And they laugh and smile, and know exactly what we mean.
Lebanese Stuffed Koosa
- 12-18 koosa, small zucchini,and/or yellow squash, washed, trimmed and cored
- 1/2 pound ground chuck or lamb
- 1/2 cup medium-grain rice, rinsed
- 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
- Few grinds black pepper
- 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 1 28 oz. can tomato puree, sauce, or juice
- 6-8 cloves garlic, trimmed, peeled and halved
- Use your clean hands (come on, it feels nice) to combine the meat, rice, salt, pepper and cinnamon.
- Loosely fill each squash with the stuffing. Loosely is the key word here, because the rice does not liketo be crowded. It needs room to expand, so fill only about ¾ of the coosa withstuffing, and don’t pack it in. You may have leftover stuffing that you can form into meatballs to be cooked with the koosa.
- In a bowl, season the tomato puree o rsauce with ½ teaspoon salt and pepper. Place the koosa (stuffed end up but tilted so that you don’t need as much liquid to cover them) in a tall pot with the garlic cloves interspersed and the meatballs on top.
- Pour the tomato puree over all. Pour water over that until the koosa and meatballs are just covered (some can stick out a bit above the liquid). Cover the pot and bring the liquid to a boil over medium heat. Reduce the heat and simmer until the squash is tender and the meat is cooked through, about an hour. It's fine to continue to cook at a low temperature for up to 2 hours.
- Remove the koosa to a serving bowl and taste the sauce. Adjust seasonings, adding salt and pepper as needed. Serve the koosa in individual bowls or on plates with the sauce spooned over it. You can also make a cut down one side of the koosa with the side of a spoon and ladle the sauce over that, to whet the whistle of the stuffing.
Leave a Comment
I'm so glad you're here! You'll find among these pages the fresh and classic Lebanese recipes we can't get enough of! My mission is to share my tried + true recipes -- and to help our Lebanese food-loving community keep these culinary traditions alive and on the table. What recipes are you looking for? Let me know!
Maureen, this dish looks fabulous…comfort food at it’s best! The story of your dad is so heartwarming. I am sure he is missed greatly by many.
Thank you Maria–comfort food is a great description for this dish!
Hi Maureen,I love Lebanese food as both of my grown children have a lebanese father and had their sity and jito until they passed away,they always want me to make kibbee naya but I forgot how many times my mother in law had put the meat through the grinder so it’s fine enough.I make my own hummus and tabouli still and lost my lebanese cookbook that we bought from Our Lady of Lebanon in Waterbury/Prospect Connecticut,if you know where I can find a cookbook and where to get the meat ground I would be ever so grateful and so would my kids.Thanks and can’t wait for some local squash to make Coosa Mehshee !!!
Hi Susan–a lot of the churches have done those great cookbooks and they go out of print. You will find all of the info you’re looking for in MY cookbook though! It’s coming out next spring. See my post here about how to grind the kibbeh meat.
Hi Susan, I know this is an old post that you probably won’t see, but I just had to comment that I had many close relatives in Waterbury Connecticut. I’m sure we’re not related but I bet we know some of the same people. Anyway I just got excited when I saw Waterbury mentioned, because there is such a large Lebanese population there.
A lovely story! And I love your vibrant photos too!
Your dad sounds so Lebanese and I so enjoyed that story! Of course, my kids cringe (son especially) at any display of even the most discrete affection in public. Oh well. Great post.
Joumana, I would love to hear more about your family sometime…
I am so very happy to learn that the unusual languages that fathers speak to their daughters live on in fond memories. The father that invents a special form of speak for his daughter truly loves her, Director, or otherwise. For a Pop, speaking Coosa is the gateway back to childhood itself.
Your girls will always love their father’s unusual language.
Hello Sweet Cousin, your dad, would have been my Uncle “Coosa”. Absolutely, tender, sweet and filled with rare ingredients. Memories of him bring a smile to my face, ache in my heart, and yearning to be in his presence again. What laughter, I can still hear his chuckle!!! Love you all.
Meg, I’ve just read your beautiful note to my mother. You’ve brought us both to tears. We love you.
Hi Maureen, Just made stuffed peppers — a Bosnian/Croatian standard — for my husband Alija. The recipe is very similar to yours, including the secret of cinnamon in the meat. Of course, I must add Vegeta as well (because no modern Balkan dish is complete without it)–but I use it very sparingly. The peppers were pale green, fresh picked from an Indiana garden, and I made the sauce from fresh picked tomatoes. The peppers were stuffed with cooked ground beef (sauteed with onions and garlic) and wild and long grain rice. Yummy. You’re right about them tasting even better the next day. It’s great to have leftovers the family will love.
Hi Patrice! Your peppers sound divine, love the wild rice mixed in, and I’m curious about the Vegeta…I will try it sometime.
Love stuffed coosa… This year I grew white coosa. My plant center called them Lebanese squash. I was so excited to find them. My Uncle Lucas grew these for the family years ago when he still raised a huge garden. I follow the same basic recipe you have and I also add some pine nuts. Thank you for all your great recipes.
I feel so lucky to have found your website. I really love it! Lebanese food is my absolute favorite and has been for over 20 years since my daughter married into your culture. She is a fabulous cook and many ( even Lebanese) have asked her why she doesn’t do catering. She is very artistic and so her food is always presented beautifully. She is in Beruit right now visiting the Tanoukhi family. She cooks very much like you do ,which is another reason I love your site. Btw, I made some kale chips the other day using zataar. They turned out fabulous!! I’m in Georgia, my Julie is in Youngstown and you are way up in Michigan so the chances of meeting are slim. Just thinking about this wonderful food, though, brings both of you to mind.
Karen, how very special. I would love to meet you all…come on up north! I have relatives in Youngstown, the Shakers. What a great trip your daughter must be having right now, and how jealous I am! Please give her my warm regards, and the same to you.
I wish I knew what happened to the corer either my Grandmother or Mother used. I’ll bet my Grandmother’s cored several tons or more of coosee (as we pronounced it) and my Mother’s did a bunch. The corers were almost impossible to buy and they were a prized kitchen possession. Over the winter my Mom’s would get lost in a drawer and when Dad brought in the first coosee of the season all of the kitchen drawers go cleaned until it was found. Actually Mom didn’t use it so much. She would say “I’ll cook it but anyone who wants it will have to core it.” So Dad would set down at the kitchen table with a bucket of squash at one side and a bucket of innards between his legs and core every one. Whatever we couldn’t eat fresh was originally salted and put in a crock in the cellar but later frozen. So we had coosee all winter.
Your recipe is very close to what we had except for the garlic. Mom wasn’t much into garlic. However one of my Aunts loved garlic and it was in everything she made. The other thing is Mom used a pressure cooker rather than open pot. I don’t know if this did anything other than make it faster.
Stuffing is great if one has the time and wants a good looking presentation for guests, but having been a bachelor a long time, I just cube the squash, sliver the cabbage, or whatever to anything else that would be traditionally stuffed and add the rice, meat, etc. After cooking it doesn’t look the greatest but tastes the same and saves lots of time.
I don’t eat beef or lamb, any suggestions how to make this vegetarian? Thank you.
Hi Edith–you can use the filling for my vegetarian grape leaves, recipe is here, but also my upcoming cookbook has other vegetarian stuffing recipes I think you’ll love!
I make a similar recipe using eggplant. Luckily I have a Lebanese grocery nearby and find lots of interesting ingredients. I’ll definitely give your recipe a try. Love Lebanese food.
Great Linda, thank you!
Hi Maureen! I’m loving your cookbook! My Syrian-heritage (great-grandparents “came over on the boat”) husband says I’ve been converted! I was wondering, with this dish specifically, is it possible to core and stuff the squash a day ahead and put it in the fridge until time to cook? I wasn’t sure if the cored squash would “wilt” or if the rice would absorb too much moisture from the meat. Thank you for sharing your recipes!
I have frozen it this way but haven’t refrigerated–I suspect it will be just fine! Thanks so much Lisa!
Thanks for this recipe! Very great!
So much like my friends’ Lebanese mothers’ version! The only difference being, they added 1/2 tsp. allspice and 1/8 tsp cinnamon to the meat mixture, a little lemon juice and a tsp or two of pomegranate molasses to the tomato sauce. Unfortunately, the moms passed away before I could get the full recipe. My problem has also been the rice to meat ratio, and what kind of rice to use. Every “authentic” recipe seems to vary re: how much rice to meat. Some call for as little as 1/2 cup uncooked rice to 1 lb meat, others as much as 1 1/2 cups rice to 1 lb meat! As for the rice, some recipes calls for short grain, others medium, and some long grain; some specifying uncooked rice, others par cooked, some soak the rice for an hour before combining with the meat! Ugh! My first try, years ago, was a disaster. I used uncooked short grain rice and even after even an hour of cooking, the rice was still “hard.” (I didn’t over-pack and the sauce covered the coosas!) Any suggestions? Thanks! (Love your site and recipes!)
Thanks for this! I think the ratio is a matter of preference, and so too with the rice. I have taken to using medium grain rice and like how it comes out very much with a 1-1 ratio, so 1 cup of rice to 1 cup of meat. Hope you’ll make it and enjoy! I’m going to try your pomegranate molasses idea in the sauce–sounds so good.
My mom made this, she would save the insides of the squash you removed when making the coosa and mix it with eggs for breakfast. I think she called it fud-a-key.
Do you know a recipe for that?
Yes Mike! That recipe is in my cookbook, but I’ll put it on my list for the blog too. My mom calls it “ijeh” but fudakeh also sounds familiar.
Wonderful story! My mom picked over 6 dozen koose/cousa/coosa 2 weeks ago and we had our first batch of the summer. Soooooo good!! Thanks for writing down the recipe.
Lucky you!!! They’ll be delicious!
Hi Maureen, do you ever put lemon juice in the sauce?
Have not done that but it sounds like a great way to add more of the tang I love!
My mother passed away in December. Your blog makes me feel close to her as I read through all the recipes she made me. Thank you….
Rest her soul Tina. I’m honored to know my work can give you some comfort and connection with your mama.
Maureen, love the recipe. In Honduras there is a very large Palestinian population going back to ends of 1800’s. There they call this dish “Pipianes” and they’re fabulous!
Interesting! Thanks for sharing!
This was a huge success! Coosa makes me think of my great-grandmother, and it made me really happy to make this. I definitely recommend letting it sit overnight to let all the flavors soak in. Thank you for sharing your recipes!
Hurray! Thank you Rosine! Agreed, day 2 is sooo good, if you can wait that long (or have any left over!).
Thanks for putting this recipe out there. I make Koosa 3 or 4 times a year and I will make a point of using cinnamon. I have always used Allspice for this dish. It’s a great comfort food. And yes, I’m a Koosa!
I bet you are indeed a koosa!!!
Thank you for the recipe. I just made it for second time. You are right, the flavors only get better the next day. I changed one thing, I puréed the cored out innards of cousa and added it to tomato sauce instead of water. It is water and fiber. Thanks again for a new comfort food dish!
Great idea Chris, thank you!
Reading these is like having my Nana back with my family! She was from a farm town near Beirut(Housh Barada)
I live in Portland Maine and growing up, she lived in an apartment above us. I learned to make Taboulleh, Kibbe, KOOSA, Labneh, Hummus, and all things Lebanese.
Such wonderful memories.
I understand that your Mom has passed away. It’s hard to lose a parent. HUGS
My Mom and now I have continued making these meals along with other cuisines and of course regular old American dishes.
Jean, thank you for the hugs, the history, and sharing! Special special note and how lovely you have learned so much joy.
I make a variation of koosa, I call it inside out or lazy coosa. I’m not great at coring squash, so I slice it super thin with a mandolin and layer it with the meat (lamb) and tomato mixture and pine nuts (lasagna style). I bake it and my entire family loves it! My daughter’s are now making it for their family. (I bought them your cookbook) Also, my family uses allspice instead of cinnamon, but my brother in law’s family only used cinnamon. Each to his own. Love your blog!
Hi Maureen, thanks for sharing your recipe. I just visited my mother on Prince Edward Island (on the east coast of Canada) and she made coosa. Growing up, my favourite way to have it was always with the “pickled” coosa that Roger Toomey mentions in his comment. They had a certain crunchiness to them that the fresh ones didn’t have. So delicious! I’ve been trying to find something online that would explain how to salt them and store them but have had no luck. My mother says she just cored them, filled them with pickling salt, and placed them in a large glass jar but the last time she did it (many years ago), they spoiled. Have you ever preserved them this way? Do you have any suggestions for how to do it? Thank you!
Sue I love all of this! I have not done the pickled koosaa. I believe you could do same as pickles of any sort with brine, either canned or quick pickle for fridge, but adding a grapeleaf to the jar will aid in the crunch factor.