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Kibbeh Footballs, Arras Kibbeh

Kibbeh footballs, or “arras kibbeh” is an incredibly delicious and beautiful way to prepare classic Lebanese kibbeh. The balls are shaped with the kibbeh and stuffed with househ, a lemony meat/onion/pine nut mixture. Read more about kibbeh meat here, and kibbeh recipes here and here. Try poaching uncooked arras in laban, comfort food at it’s best. Vegan tomato kibbeh is wonderful too! Try it here.

One of the many great things about my home state of Michigan is that there are lots of Lebanese populating the state. This translates to one’s ability to find good Lebanese restaurants pretty much around the corner, at least if you live in the Lansing or Detroit area. It is a luxury that we take for granted until we spend any amount of time in other places, where there is no such thing as good pita bread and certainly no such thing as a go-to Lebanese restaurant nearby.

In East Lansing, you can get phenomenal, traditional Lebanese food from Woody’s Oasis. The Lebanese eat there, if you know what I mean. Woody’s has always made it seem perfectly normal to have foods like fatayar and arras kibbeh (kibbeh footballs) at events like tailgaters or your kid’s fifth birthday party, even when your last name is Smith.

So if we were putting together a tailgate menu and decided to make the chicken but not the fatayar or the kibbeh footballs, that wouldn’t mean we’d be going without those delights. It just means we’d be getting them from Woody’s.

But say you are making the kibbeh footballs yourself this time, and you grew up eating lots of them from Woody’s, and you discover that the perfect football shape doesn’t come so easy (more often my mom has made a round kibbeh ball or kibbeh patty-shape). Then you might ask to take a “tour” of the kitchen at Woody’s in hopes of catching a glimpse of one of the Sittos in the back shaping her footballs. Or you might get your booty on a plane and go to Lebanon, and take a class with a woman dubbed “the kibbeh queen.”

I did enjoy making kibbeh with Georgina and our little cooking class at Tawlet in Beirut. I loved the restaurant and everything about being there, including the rosewater elixir that started our evening and the butter cookies (we’ll make them) that ended it. But I didn’t walk away having pocketed the secret formula, the golden ticket of kibbeh-shaping techniques that I had hoped for. We made big domes that were meant to be grilled, a specialty of northern Lebanon. Nice, but still.

I was, and still am, after the perfect shape, the football shape, that Woody’s puts out like a machine (but not) and that seems so elusive when the arras are made at home.

I know, I know, the rustic look is so Saveur magazine. So real-deal. And no matter the shape, the arras are so savory and good that you can’t stop eating them even when there is a tin of seven-layer cookie bars, a bag of Snickers, and an apple in your pocket still to be had. It’s just that there is this part of me that craves the ability to make the perfect lines of a perfect kibbeh football the way my brothers crave a perfect Hail Mary touchdown or the perfect good-old-days of Lou Holtz.

The secret to making perfect kibbeh footballs is no doubt the same one that wins the game: practice, practice, and then practice some more. And if you love doing it while you’re at it, you’re going to play like a champion.


Kibbeh Footballs,

Kibbeh Footballs, Arras Kibbeh

Maureen Abood
The kibbeh balls are versatile—they can be shaped as patties, balls, or the traditional torpedo/football. They can be stuffed or not stuffed at all. One of the most delicious things you can eat is a kibbeh football right out of the fryer (but they can be baked). Kibbeh footballs are great for a picnic eaten room temperature, or served warm with tahini sauce or hummus, labneh, and good flatbread or pita bread. This recipe makes about 40 arras kibbeh.


For the househ:

  • 1 medium sweet onion, diced 1/4-inch
  • 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 pound coarsely ground round
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • Few grinds black pepper
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 cup toasted pine nuts

For the kibbeh:

  • 2 cups fine bulgur
  • 1 medium sweet onion, pureed
  • 2 pounds leg of lamb or eye of round beef, trimmed entirely of all fat and gristle
  • 1-2 tablespoons kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 2 teaspoons cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper (optional)
  • 1 cup ice water


For the househ:

  • Heat the olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add the onion, season with a little salt, and sauté until soft and translucent but not browned. Add the meat, season with salt, cinnamon, and pepper. Cook the meat, breaking it up into small pieces as it cooks, until just cooked through. Stir in the lemon juice. Remove from the heat, transfer the househ to a bowl, and add the pine nuts. Set aside.

For the kibbeh:

  • Rinse the bulghur in cold water, drain, and cover to 1⁄2 inch with cold water. Soak for 1⁄2 hour, or until the bulghur is softened.
  • Either ask the butcher to grind the meat for you (three times on sterile blades), or grind it yourself. To grind meat, slice the trimmed meat into rectangles, about 4x2 inches. Season lightly with salt and pepper and freeze for 30 minutes. Grind the meat once on the fine/small holes on the grinder, or twice on the large holes.
  • To combine the kibbeh meat, keep a small bowl of ice water nearby to keep hands wet and cold. In a large bowl, knead the meat with the pureed onion and about half of the cracked wheat. If there is any visible water left in the bulgur from soaking, squeeze it out of the wheat before adding it to the kibbeh. Dip your hands in water as you knead, adding about 1⁄4 cup of the water in total; be careful not to add too much water to the kibbeh or it will become mushy rather than simply soft. Add the wheat 1⁄2 cup at a time until it’s fully incorporated. Season with salt, pepper, cayenne and cinnamon, tasting and adjusting the seasoning.

Shape the arras:

  • Keep the bowl of ice water handy. Take about 2 tablespoons of the meat “dough” and shape into a ball. Wet the the palm of the hand the dough is resting in with cold water, and use your first finger of the other hand to hollow out the ball of meat by pushing into it. The walls of the meat should be about 1/8” thick all the way around. Keep the meat in an oblong/torpedo shape for footballs, or a ball shape for balls.
  • Using a demitasse spoon, spoon a teaspoon or two of filling into the kibbeh shell. Don’t overstuff, and be careful not to get the filling on the edge of the shell that is going to be closed up, so that it will close easily. Push the kibbeh together at the open end and gently shape the kibbeh into a torpedo in the palms of your hands, using the tips of your fingers to pull each end out to a point. Smooth the kibbeh with a touch of cold water, making sure there aren’t any openings. Set the kibbeh footballs on a sheet pan as you make them.
  • To fry the kibbeh footballs, fill a large, heavy, nonstick skillet with enough canola oil to reach halfway up the sides of the footballs. Heat the oil to 375 degrees, or until a small piece of herb dropped in bubbles up right away. Place several kibbeh balls gently into the oil using a large spoon to slide them in (my skillet held ten with some space around each one). Fry until deep golden brown, then turn over with tongs and fry the other side until deep golden brown, about 4 minutes total. Remove the kibbeh from the pan with tongs to a paper towel-lined platter.
  • Alternately, bake the kibbeh footballs on heavy sheet pans in a 400 degree oven. Brush first with olive oil or melted butter and bake until deep golden brown. Cool slightly and serve warm, or cool and serve room temperature. The kibbeh footballs freeze well, and will hold in the refrigerator for a couple of days.


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  1. Jen Farhat on September 12, 2012 at 9:18 AM

    For those in the East Lansing area, you need only call Goodrich’s Shoprite on Trowbridge Road – conveniently located next to Woody’s, and tell the butcher you want any designated amount of “kibbee meat,” and they’ll take care of the grinding for you. It’ll be on a clean blade (perfect for some raw kibbee too), and of course, if your last name happens to be Farhat, they’ll inevitably ask if you want it ground “three times, since that’s what all the Farhat’s ask for.” Another winner, Maureen – can’t wait to try this one!

  2. Diane Nassir on September 12, 2012 at 9:19 AM

    Maureen, I start my day by reading your column, nourishment for the stomach, the heart, and the soul. What wonderful memories you evoke, and now I need to have kibbeh footballs. Fortunately I do have a ‘go-to’ Mediterranean restaurant in Albuquerque. So, next trip in, Thursday, I know where we will have lunch.

  3. Jerry Wakeen on September 12, 2012 at 9:22 AM

    Interesting mini Kibbeh. While the Lebanese Taverna restaurant (Annapolis, Md) makes them small for the sampler plate my Sitto (father’s side) used to make them much larger. Yours look like they are about 2.5 inches long, I guess my Sitto’s were about 4.5 inches long. We kids at the time were not overly fond of Kibbeh (compared to some of the sweets she often made) but as an adult, correction senior adult, I do enjoy them now if dipped in the yogurt sauce. Thanks for sharing via your many articles.

  4. Janet Moore on September 12, 2012 at 10:10 AM

    Yummmm….those are PERFECT!!! I agree with Jen, Shoprite does a great job, however I still trim the meat and grind it myself, twice also. I also grind the onions right after the meat. One tip if you grind the meat yourself, it grinds much, much better if partially frozen. Maureen, my mouth is salivating for Kibbee Footballs. Oh, one other thing my mother did was to crush a little dried mint in the meat. Amazing that you don’t know mint is in there, but does make a difference. Your awesome girl….we have to cook together sometime…

  5. Bill B. on September 12, 2012 at 10:13 AM

    I can’t tell you how many times I would walk into my friend’s kitchen and see a large tray of Kibbeh ready to go in or just coming out of an oven. I, too, long for a local Lebanese restaurant.

  6. Gregory Jarous Lawrenceville GA on September 12, 2012 at 10:50 AM

    Maureen another great article, we are lucky here in the Atlanta area to have a few choice Lebanese resturants to go to. But if my wife Betty decides to make Kibbeh i trained the butcher at our local Publix’s supermarket how to prepare the meat and show up when the open to make sure it is the 1st thing to go thru the grinder, and to triple grind it. Thanks for your lovely writing and beautiful photography.

    • Becky on December 7, 2012 at 3:40 PM

      We are also in Atlanta. Can you email me some good Lebanese restaurants? I haven’t found any that were really great. laatiidaa @

  7. Elaine Archer on September 12, 2012 at 11:25 AM

    My mouth is watering from your pictures and from the memories of my mother’s kibbeh, made in every shape and form. Aren’t mom’s always the best cooks??? Where I live in California I’m lucky to find ingredients for cooking Lebanese food, let alone restaurants to buy prepared food. Finally, a store has opened nearby. I can only hope there are enough middle easterners to keep it in business. How fortunate is my family living in the East Lansing area?

  8. tasteofbeirut on September 13, 2012 at 2:40 AM

    Hi Maureen
    If I can throw in my own observation, I have noticed here in Beirut that the habra which is the meat that is put together by butchers specifically for kibbeh is unlike anything one will get in the US. It is completely devoid of fat or nerve or whatever, smooth as baby skin and usually made with veal (3ejel); also the bulgur is never soaked, only dipped in water.
    Still your kibbeh look fantastic considering you have not like most kibbeh -makers I know here, been making them on a daily basis for 30 years plus!

    • Tara Bassil on November 29, 2012 at 1:36 PM

      They take their meat, SERIUOUSLY! I firmly remember that part of it, through my grandmother! How lucky you are, to have visited Beruit!

    • Craig Breitner on March 20, 2014 at 8:14 AM

      I just want to say thank you. As I read your e-mail my mouth was watering the kibbeh sounded so good. My wife is taking me out to dinner for my birthday tomorrow, 3/21, and we are going to The Beirut Restaurant, a local Lebanese restaurant. I love their food and I will be ordering the kibbeh. Have a great day!

      Craig Breitner
      Toledo, Ohio USA

      • Maureen Abood on March 20, 2014 at 10:58 AM

        How great Craig, thanks so much. I am very familiar with The Beirut in Toledo, as some family lives there. It’s been far too long and I need to go back! Happy birthday and enjoy your delicious Lebanese dinner!

  9. Roger Toomey on September 13, 2012 at 5:04 PM

    If anyone knows of a Lebanese restaurant in the Kansas City area let me know. We had a great one in the suburb of Lee’s Summit for a few years but it has been closed for several years now. It’s even hard to find a place to buy kishik. The India/Pakistani version just isn’t the same.

  10. Geri Kalush Conklin on September 13, 2012 at 8:21 PM

    You’ve heard from both of my sisters so ….now from me. Man they look good and now I know what I’m going to make for dinner Sunday. We do put mint in ours but other than that it’s my Mom’s all the way. I think I’ll go make some laban now, thanks for the kick start…..yummmm!

  11. Diane Nassir (My maternal grandmother was an Abowd) on September 15, 2012 at 1:15 PM

    I just checked with my Med restaurant here in ABQ, they do not make kibbeh and know of no one who does. Woe is me. I may have to try my hand at it–TY big time for your recipe, your pics, and for your lovely column.

  12. Stephanie Swor Festian on March 23, 2014 at 8:43 PM

    My family comes from Al Mena in Lebanon, my great grandparents on my dad’s side all emigrated but before I wa interested in learning how to cook Lebanese food I was in college and my only remaining Tita Tita and my Tita all passed away, then my great aunt passed away and there went my chance to learn from my elders, which I deeply regret. I can make some but my kids love Kibbee in the shape of footballs and I haven’t been able to make them before. Being a fellow Michigander, when I go back home to the Detroit area I can get Kibbee balls but thanks to you, I will be able to make my 3 daughters their favorite baked Kibbee balls! Thank you so much!

    • Maureen Abood on March 24, 2014 at 9:09 AM

      That is so great Stephanie! Thank you to my fellow Michigander, and let me know how you and the girls like the kibbeh!

  13. Julia on April 25, 2014 at 1:14 PM

    Had these in London on vacation. So delicious.

    Will try your recipe, could be addicted soon, LOL.

    • Maureen Abood on April 25, 2014 at 2:07 PM

      Wonderful! I’ll love to know how you like them.

  14. Georgia Wilson on September 15, 2014 at 6:32 PM

    I love reading your website. I have learned so much. I have friends who buy kibbie from me, mostly simply fried kibbie patties. I make baked also and to cut costs, I stopped putting meat in the filling. I simply sautee onions and then add nuts of my choice (usually pecans because pine nuts are so expensive, therefore raising the price a few bucks). I just thought – why do we meat on top of more meat? Would you stuff shrimp with more shrimp, or chicken with more chicken? I am sure this will get some comments!!! Also, my cousin likes to add laban to the hashwi and that tastes pretty darn good if you love laban!

  15. Angie C on July 24, 2015 at 12:57 PM

    Hi, I enjoy your site!

    I grew up in a community with a large Lebanese and Syrian community outside of Pittsburgh. Each Labor Day weekend the Syrian Orthodox church would hold a festival and everyone in the community attended and it’s where I learned about Lebanese food. Then I married a man with a Lebanese mother.)( My husband’s grandmother lived around the corner from the church and helped with the cooking for the festival, even though she was a Lebanese Catholic, as she had many friends at the Orthodox church. Unfortunately, she passed away and many of the recipes were lost.

    She made her kibbee in the domed shape/patty shape and I’d love to have the recipe if you have it from your mom or visit to Beirut.


    • Maureen Abood on July 27, 2015 at 1:32 PM

      Hello Angie–Thank you! You can follow my arras kibbeh (football) recipe and shape them flatter, as patties. No other recipe needed! Fry them off like that; you can stuff the patties or do as my mother did and just fry the patties with no stuffing and eat them warm. Delicious.

  16. MH on March 20, 2016 at 6:31 AM

    Hi Maureen

    I was wondering whether you have a recipe for meatless Kibbeh shells. I grew up in Cyprus and used to eat these all the time but nobody used meat in the shells, only in the filling. Any clues?

    • Maureen Abood on March 27, 2016 at 6:56 AM

      There are all kinds of meatless kibbehs! Potato, pumpkin, tomato (though the tomato wouldn’t work as shells). See my cookbook for potato kibbeh stuffed with spinach (it’s baked in a casserole pan).

  17. Shari on May 3, 2017 at 8:36 PM

    I’d prefer to bake my kibbee footballs. You mention 400 degrees but can you tell me how long? Would hate for them to dry out.

    • Maureen Abood on May 4, 2017 at 2:17 PM

      Try for about 20 minutes, turning them as they bake. Use convection if you have it. If the kibbeh balls aren’t crisp/deep golden on the exterior, put them under the broiler but keep a close eye on them!

  18. Elias Castillo on August 31, 2017 at 11:53 AM

    Love your website and your videos. My family from my mother’s side came from south Lebannon many years ago and I remember my grandma making lebanese food all the time. For the kibbeh she used to add mint and allspice and the smell over the entire kitchen is wonderful. Nowdays I’m doing all my grandma’s recipes with very much proud. Thank You for your recipes.

    • Maureen Abood on August 31, 2017 at 5:34 PM

      That is beautiful Elias, thank you!

  19. Theresa M Sabiston on November 28, 2017 at 9:00 AM

    How do you pureed onions?

    • Maureen Abood on November 28, 2017 at 9:29 AM

      Hi Theresa–good question! Onion that is peeled and cut in wedges can be pureed either in a blender or a food processor. In a blender, you may need to add just a touch of water and start-stop-stir several times to get the blades and wedges of onion moving.

  20. Kimberly Becker on December 18, 2018 at 1:57 PM

    My grandmother was Syrian and she made kibbeh but normally in the sheet pan (cut in diamond shape, of course). I would love to try to make the ball version but would like to avoid frying them. Wondering if with the air fryer craze, these might be a good option to try in an air fryer? Have you tried it?

    • Maureen Abood on December 26, 2018 at 9:44 AM

      Air frying is a great idea. Also, we bake them, brushed liberally with oil, and they bake up beautifully!

    • Maureen Abood on December 26, 2018 at 9:51 AM

      Air frying is a great idea for kibbeh balls! I also bake them, coated liberally with oil, and they bake up beautifully.

  21. john abraham on October 19, 2020 at 2:54 PM

    Hi Maureen. It’s with a great smile on my face to read about your website and Lebanese/Syrian recipes. I have been fortunate growing up watching my mom make all the different dishes from Koosa, which my grandfather grew in his garden for us, to Kibbeh all different ways and of course rolled grape leaves to name a few. Since I live in S Florida, even though there are grapevines here, the leaves are unusable since they are very tough and when y mom was alive, living in Pennsylvania, she had a fantastic grapevine in the back yard where she got her leaves from. Over the years, she would pack up a big bag for me and bring them to me. Unfortunately, she has passed away and I no longer am able to get these leaves. I have tried a number of bottled ones and because the leaves are segmented, it’s hard to keep the rice meat mixture from falling out. My question is, do you use the bottled ones and if so is there any specific brand where the leaves are fuller and not so stringy that you have come across? Any help would be greatly appreciated..Thanks a bunch

    • Maureen Abood on October 27, 2020 at 10:50 AM

      Hi John–this is. so. nice, thank you. I do use jarred grape leaves and tend to use Yergot brand. I hear you, they can be too large, veiny, tough, from a jar but I buy a couple of jars and pick through for the best them.

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Maureen Abood in the kitchen

I'm so glad you're here! You'll find among these pages the fresh and classic Lebanese recipes we can't get enough of! My mission is to share my tried + true recipes -- and to help our Lebanese food-loving community keep these culinary traditions alive and on the table. What recipes are you looking for? Let me know!

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