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My Mom’s Best Pie Crust

My Mom’s best pie crust is heavenly…ultra flakey with a hint of salt. And the kicker: no butter! Perfectly vegan. Use the 10-inch double crust recipe for single-crust pies (more dough to work with for crimping the edges; tuck the extra under the perimeter).

Everyone who knows my mother knows that the hallmark of her character is grace. Pure grace. This is reflected in her face, her home, her kitchen, her conversations.

And her pie.

I love watching people taste my mom’s pie for the first time. Always, always (while chewing): what is this crust? Always, always: Mom glows.

The fillings for my mom’s pies are excellent, traditional, and sturdy. What puts them and any good pie in a class by themselves, though, is the crust, her crust: golden, shattering flakes and absolute readiness to crumble when eaten (and not before). Hint of salt, so necessary against the sweet fillings. Above all, of course, is the flavor of this crust. Here is supreme taste where there is no butter, and a flavor of toastiness that defines the very notion of deep golden brown. I find that unless it’s my mom’s crust, I tend to leave on the plate whatever crust wasn’t touched by filling. Hers I will eat every crumb off my plate and yours too if you look away for more than a second.

My mom’s pie crust is the gold standard, a legacy that began in the kitchen of her own mother of all grace, Alice. Alice famously, and regularly, pushed a piece of pie across the breakfast table to my father, with her irresistible enticement that a little piece won’t hurt you. It wouldn’t be pie on any of our plates at home without someone saying those same words as they pass thick slices around.

So you want to know about the details already?! OK.

Here we have an old fashioned, Betty Crocker-inspired oil crust. My mother’s Betty book has been a workhorse in her kitchen, primarily for a singular recipe—the crust—which mom has always known deep in her hands. But the pleasure of opening that book, a book she made her own by covering it with a scrap of her cheerful kitchen wallpaper, to make a pie is ritual.

The finer points:

  1. There is no butter, lard, or Crisco here. Welcome all vegans. No butter means no chill-and-keep-it-cold factor. Just flour + salt + water + oil. Use any neutral oil you like. My mom uses vegetable oil. I use canola.
  2. The texture of the dough depends on many factors like humidity and how the flour was measured (it’s best to scoop the flour into the measuring cup lightly, then level the top of the cup). The dough should be fairly soft and pliable, not cracking and dry. If you’ve added all of the water and the dough still needs some elasticity, slowly add more oil, 1 teaspoon at a time.
  3. The dough must be rolled out between sheets of waxed paper; without the paper, the dough will not come up off the counter. That makes for a bad pie baking day.
  4. To make my mother’s truly beautiful rope-style crimp on your pie, be sure the edges are fairly even and plenty doughy. When trimming and then tucking top rim under lower rim, steal dough from a side that has more than enough and patch an area around the rim in need, to come up with an even edge of dough.
  5. When making the rope crimp, squeeze the dough edge between thumb and bent first finger, on an angle. Repeat all the way around the pie, squeezing quite firmly so the pattern holds during baking.
  6. Our favorite flour is King Arthur’s Unbleached All Purpose.

The pies we’re baking right now are the ones we wait for all year: strawberry rhubarb. This pie is my mom’s favorite, for the sweet-tart flavor, yes, but also because this is always the first fruit pie of the year. Slip a drop of rose water in the pie, and there is yet another layer of fragrant beauty, graceful as the mother who made it.

Top of a double crust pie with four vents cut,

No Butter Pie Crust, My Mom’s Best

Maureen Abood
This oil-based crust is tender, flaky, and flavorful—everything you want in a pie crust. The dough for this crust is not chilled, so it’s rolled out between sheets of waxed paper. The texture of the dough depends on many factors like humidity and how the flour and oil are measured. It’s best to scoop the flour into the measuring cup lightly, then level the top of the cup. Use a liquid measuring cup to measure the oil (like a glass Pyrex measuring cup with pour spout) to ensure the oil is measured properly. The dough should be fairly soft and pliable, not cracking and dry. If you’ve added all of the water and the dough still needs some elasticity, slowly add more oil, 1 teaspoon at a time. Use a pie plate with a flat rim for easy crimping. Recipe is based on Betty Crocker’s, and makes one double crust pie. Use the 10-inch double crust recipe for single-crust pies (more dough to work with for crimping the edges; tuck the extra under the perimeter before crimping).
5 from 1 vote


For 9” double crust pie:

  • 1 3/4 cups unbleached, all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt, or 1/2 teaspoon table salt
  • 1/2 cup plus 1 teaspoon vegetable, canola, or other neutral oil
  • 4 tablespoons ice water
  • 1/4 cup milk (of any sort, to top the unbaked pie to encourage browning)

For 10” double crust pie:

  • 2 2/3 cup unbleached, all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt, or 3/4 teaspoon table salt
  • 3/4 cup plus 1-2 teaspoons vegetable, canola or other neutral oil
  • 5 – 6 tablespoons ice water
  • 1/4 cup milk (of any sort)


  • In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour and salt. Add the oil, all but the extra teaspoon, and lightly stir with a metal spoon until most of the flour is incorporated and pea-sized meal forms. There will be some larger clumps of dough too.
  • Add the water 1 tablespoon at a time, incorporating after each addition. The dough should be soft and pliable, not cracking and dry. Add another teaspoon of oil to get there if needed, but do not add extra water. Divide the dough in half.
  • Tear off two 15” sheets of waxed paper. Wipe the work surface with a sponge dampened with cold water to keep the paper from slipping. Place one sheet of waxed paper on the damp surface lengthwise in front of you, and place half of the dough in the center of the paper. Shape the dough into a flat disk and cover with the other sheet of paper lengthwise.
  • Roll the dough, starting from the center of the disk and working your way out in every direction (think of working around the clock). The dough and paper do not turn; they stay fixed. As the rolling pin moves to the outer edges of the dough, be careful not to press to hard or else the dough will get too thin at the edges. Press more in the center, less at the edges, as you roll.
  • Roll the dough 2 inches larger than the pie pan, making room for the dough to slide down into the pan and still cover the rim. The crosswise edges of the waxed paper can serve as a guide at 12 inches. Roll to that edge for a 10” crust, and just inside at 11 inches for a 9” crust. If the dough is rolled beyond the waxed paper, just scrape under it with a thin, sharp knife or spatula to loosen it before picking the crust up off the counter.
  • Peel off the top piece of waxed paper and discard. Place the pie plate right next to the crust. Pick up the crust with its paper and invert it over the pie plate. Move the crust to arrange it evenly over the rim of the plate. Remove the waxed paper and discard. Gently lift the edges of the crust and ease the crust into the pan. Trim the crust all the way around the rim right up against the rim. If an area is short of the rim, patch it with trimmings.
  • Fill the pie with filling (usually 5-6 cups of sugared fruit with some starch like flour or cornstarch or tapioca to hold it together), then roll the second half of the dough for the top crust just as you did the bottom crust, but roll this circle slightly smaller than the bottom crust (about an inch smaller). After the top crust has been arranged over the pie, trim the crust so that there is ½-1 inch overhang of the top crust beyond the rim. Tuck that overhang under the bottom crust all around the rim. This seals the pie and prevents drips.
  • Crimp the edges of the pie in a rope design: place your thumb on the pastry rim at an angle and firmly pinch the dough between thumb and bent index finger. Push down into the rim as you pinch. Make the next pinch with thumb resting against the last pinched edge.
  • Cut vents decoratively in the top. Rub or brush the entire top of the pie with milk. Cover the edges of the pie with a pie guard or pieces of foil, crunching it well so it stays in place. The foil is not a perfect science; just get it to cover as much of the edge as possible.
  • Bake as directed depending on your pie filling. A general rule is 425 degrees for 50 minutes or so, until a fruit filling is bubbling vigorously and the crust is golden brown. Remove from the oven and cool; the filling will firm up some as the pie cools, so it’s always best to bake your pies early in the day on the day they will be served.. Serve lukewarm or at room temperature. The pie will keep on the kitchen counter for a couple of days, loosely covered with waxed paper or foil.
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  1. elizabeth wholey on May 9, 2013 at 9:01 AM

    Oh, this sounds and looks so good Maureen! Complimenti!

  2. Nancie McDermott on May 9, 2013 at 9:26 AM

    This is splendid. I love this on multiple levels — the topics of piecrust, home baking, and dependable recipes; the personal stories that bring it home, the photographs especially of the book, and the instructive ones on What Exactly To Do all the way through; the information on the general topic and this specific one…It has layers, just like the marvelous piecrust which I am going to make today. I love your posts and should say so way more often….

    • Maureen Abood on May 9, 2013 at 9:44 PM

      Nancie, I’m touched. Those generous words mean so much coming from you! Thank you thank you.

  3. Bill B. on May 9, 2013 at 9:41 AM

    I can’t wait for the fruit to come into season and put them into this pie crust.

  4. Sofia Perez on May 9, 2013 at 9:52 AM

    The food you make and the blog posts you write are wonderful because they are like you, Maureen. Complex, beautiful, and full of heart. You come through in every image and word.

    • Maureen Abood on May 9, 2013 at 9:43 PM

      How dear and kind and wonderful Sofia. Thank you.

  5. Tom on May 9, 2013 at 12:05 PM

    MMMMMMM! I’ve just resolved to use your mother’s recipe to make pie this summer when I will have the time to do it right. Thanks for the irresistible inspiration in words and images.

    • Maureen Abood on May 9, 2013 at 9:43 PM

      Well sir, I never took you for a pie baker. You never cease to surprise. Let me know about that pie this summer!

  6. Jerry Wakeen on May 9, 2013 at 12:09 PM

    When I was a teenager there appeared in my dad’s grocery store a box that contained what you needed to make an apple pie. Flour, dehydrated apples, a cinnamon tablet and I forget what else. You had to soak the apples and add the cinnamon tablet, etc. The crust of course was more difficult, I recall a bit of patching here and there. I tried it once, twice, three times, it got better but was never a “real” apple pie. It made good small talk though at lunch time with the girls in the high school home-ec class, they couldn’t believe I made an apple pie. I don’t recall if I told them about the kit that came in a box or not! A genuine, true, Lebanese story. 🙂

    • Maureen Abood on May 9, 2013 at 9:42 PM

      What a great story Jerry!

  7. Maureen, you and your mother live in such a state of Grace. As always, what a beautiful column: thank you for your words, sentiments, photographs and recipes which evoke abundant memories for me.

    • Maureen Abood on May 9, 2013 at 9:41 PM

      Thank you Diane; it is a grace you share.

  8. Bernadette Seliski on May 9, 2013 at 5:39 PM

    Hi Maureen, I stumbled across your site while looking for a tool to use to clean cousa or zucchini . My mother was not of Lebanese decent , she was Italian, although she learned to cook Lebanese food from my situ, and my mother was such a wonderful cook. your site brings back wonderful memories for me, My mother made her pie crust like your mother . I will make the pie crust and think of my mother and send good thoughts to your mother. I really enjoy your site and wish you continued success. Bernadette

  9. Lisa the Gourmet Wog on May 10, 2013 at 6:51 AM

    what a beautiful tribute to your Mum. Lovely recipe

  10. robert reynolds on June 13, 2013 at 10:55 PM

    Your website is amazing, the food looks just like my late mother use to make. I came across your website from my cousins facebook post.He owns Adele’s restaurant in Carson City, NV. My mother maiden name
    was Charlotte Abowd, which in Lebanon was spelled Abood also. Keep up the good work and recipes.

    • Maureen Abood on June 14, 2013 at 9:09 AM

      Hello to you! We are cousins; my mother is an Abowd! Thanks so much for your kind words–so good to see you here!

  11. Linda Hesrick on May 12, 2014 at 3:07 PM

    Can u make this pie crust (the one containing oil) and freeze whole pie. I’m not sure how oil will react to being frozen. Would appreciate a response. Thanks

    • Maureen Abood on May 13, 2014 at 8:53 PM

      Hello Linda–yes, you sure can freeze this crust–we do it often and the pie comes out great!

  12. Becky Hooper on June 14, 2014 at 10:38 AM

    I need to make a “dairy” free pie crust – but I see this recipe has milk…do you know if I can substitute water for the milk?


    • Maureen Abood on June 17, 2014 at 9:36 PM

      Hi Becky–the milk is just used to give the crust a shiny golden look; you can leave it out entirely and then just sprinkle the crust with granulated sugar when it comes out of the oven, or use an egg wash (egg yolk whisked with a touch of water) in place of the milk, rubbed on the crust before baking.

  13. Hira on July 11, 2014 at 4:04 PM

    Hi! Would you use this crust with your Lemon Meringue Tart? I am just wondering if i could bake it in a tart shell.

  14. Rosemary on July 27, 2014 at 4:52 PM

    I’ve used a similar recipe for years. I treat the mixing similar to a biscuit- to keep the crust very tender I mix it very gently, stirring as little as possible. Also I roll out the top crust before adding the filling to reduce moisture in the bottom crust. My old Joy of Cooking instructs cooking the pie at 450 for 10 minutes to set the dough then reducing the oven to 350.

    • Maureen Abood on July 28, 2014 at 7:44 AM

      Thank you Rosemary–great tips.

  15. Heidi Kertel on August 15, 2014 at 5:29 PM

    While researching oil based pie crust, I came across your wonderful website. Your crust is so much like the one I use, also from my mother. The 1st photo of the crust with the wax paper next to it looks identical to my crust! I don’t use water and use a little more milk. I really appreciate how in dept you explain the process and it has inspired me to do the same when I post my recipe because with out these tips the crust could fail.
    Thanks Maureen! I’m looking forward to following you site.


  16. Deanna on August 20, 2014 at 12:31 AM

    Just made this crust (was out of butter) with a blueberry filling 🙂 It was amazing! Thanks for the recipe 🙂

    • Maureen Abood on August 20, 2014 at 10:07 AM

      So nice to hear you enjoyed it as much as we do, thank you Deanna!

  17. Becky Beach on August 25, 2014 at 10:31 AM

    Hi Maureen I was looking for a crust with oil and came across your page. I just wanted to tell you how much I enjoyed reading this recipe and the story of love that accompanied it. I lost my dear mother back in 2002 and just reading about your mother reminded me of my own so much! Thank you for invoking such sweet memories! And also thank you for this recipe. I have a almost 2 year old grandson who has many food allergies. He has a life threatening peanut allergy and is also allergic to soy, wheat, and egg whites. Luckily the wheat and egg white are slight enough that he can tolerate it. But the soy which is in everything causes his to get bad skin rashes. And the peanut one scares me to death! He is HIGHLY allergic to peanuts! So now I am finding myself searching for recipes I can make for him. Sorry for rambling on, have a blessed day!

    • Maureen Abood on August 26, 2014 at 2:17 PM

      This is so nice to hear Becky. Enjoy this wonderful crust–your family is blessed to have such a thoughtful and caring cook among them!

  18. Barrie on September 29, 2014 at 10:11 PM

    I have tried so many horrible versions of a canola oil crust, that I was starting to think it was hopeless. I am so glad to have found your wonderful site, and clear directions. The waxed paper trick, is an obvious one, but one I never seemed to do! Many thanks as I enter my fall of apple pie making! I am linking to your site on my own blog so I never forget this!

  19. Susan Trumblay on December 26, 2014 at 12:53 PM

    After a HORRIBLE and embarrassing experience yesterday, Christmas Day, at our family get together, where my Apple Pie was an unknown disaster, until I cut into it and discovered the crust had NO taste, and the inside was watery . . . I decided to look for a “scratch” pie crust recipe, instead of the “ready made” one the recipe called for, and for a better Apple Pie recipe. Funny thing, when I took it out of the oven, the pie SMELLED devine – so much so I was tempted to cut a slice right then! Had I given in I would have avoided the embarrassment the next day. I will definitely use your recipe. If you have an absolutely great Apple Pie recipe, PLEASE let me know.
    Blessings to you for sharing with everyone! Susan in Texas

    • Maureen Abood on December 29, 2014 at 6:51 AM

      Oh Susan! We have ALL been there! Here is one of my apple pie recipes–very delicious–and if you prefer double crust, just use the my Mom’s double crust recipe instead of the dutch top.

  20. Leese on March 4, 2015 at 12:53 AM

    I too was on the search for a pie crust that used canola oil and came across your blog. My oh my, your pie looks so beautiful!!

    I prepared the pie crust this evening for a cherry pie filling using fresh cherries. I have not tasted the pie yet as it is cooling down. However, I did cheat and nibble on the crust. Not sure if its just me but does anyone think its on the salty side? I followed the recipe exactly hmmmmm. Maybe next time I will use half the amount for the salt? I am very sensitive to salt in my food and baked recipes however I do know it adds and/or brings out the flavor.

    Either way I’m sure it will be yummy!
    Thanks for sharing your mom’s recipe.

  21. Leese on March 5, 2015 at 2:45 AM

    Well I had to throw my pie out….my cherry filling came out delicious but the crust as stated above was on the salty side but even worse it tasted like oil!! I’m still tasting the oil in my mouth. I followed the directions exactly but if you really compare this recipe to others it does call for a lot of salt and oil, yuck!! Sorry the photos here look great but not the taste. Beware, if you don’t want to throw it out and waste a good filling. Feeling bummed…..

  22. Terri on March 14, 2015 at 11:32 AM

    My mother too made a pie crust with oil. As I remember the recipe was from a Wesson Oil cookbook. By the way, I have her cassarole that matches that pie pan.

  23. Joanna on March 19, 2015 at 2:24 PM

    Just pulled an apple pie out of the oven and it looks perfect. I pinched off a piece of crust to taste and it’s yummy! I only used 1 tsp of salt and it doesn’t taste oily at all. Perhaps leese’s oil was rancid or she used a stronger flavored oil? I used fresh canola, baked my pie at 400 for an hour, and it’s perfectly flaky and brown. I coated the top with an egg was and sugar.

  24. ahlam on May 20, 2015 at 2:14 AM

    Thanks for this recipe! its my first pie crust and it I loved it.

  25. Maureen Sharib on November 19, 2015 at 2:04 PM

    I made this and it was wonderful. Flaky/my Lebanese husband loves crust and he ate every last morsel and grudgingly said it was good. He told me it could be thinner next time (nobody cooks like his mother) but said your recipes come the closest to what he’s ever seen anyone call Lebanese recipes and he directed me here. 😉 I’ve been struggling w/ making crusts w/ butter these last many years ala Martha Stewart and the Barefoot Contessa but no more! I immediately recognized my own mother’s (English/Irish heritage) recipe in yours (the oil) and knew it the minute I tasted it and smelled it baking. Thank you so much.

    • Maureen Abood on November 21, 2015 at 5:39 PM

      Wonderful Maureen, thanks so much!

  26. Mary on December 12, 2015 at 9:35 PM

    I use an oil crust for a quick topper to chicken pot pie filling I normally freeze ahead. After researching how to freeze assembled chicken potpie (this is my Christmas gift to my neighbors), I ran into your recipe. I will no longer be using my old recipe, yours provides for a very flaky delicious crust that is so easy to handle. My husband liked my experiment, he wants the last piece of pie for lunch tomorrow!

    • Maureen Abood on December 13, 2015 at 10:00 PM

      I love this for pot pie! Thank you Mary!

  27. Lorraine on October 4, 2016 at 4:38 PM

    The easiest way to place the crust in the pan is after its all rolled out between the wax paper sheets is this. Peel off top wax paper, gently lay back on crust. Holding both sheets together,flip over. Peel off the top paper. Discard. Center pan upside down over crust. Slide off counter with one hand catching the crust under the pan. Flip over, remove loose wax paper. The top is trickier. But still peel both papers while on the counter, discarding the top sheet. Slide off counter onto hands and flip onto pie.

  28. Natcha on January 16, 2017 at 8:37 AM

    Hi Maureen,
    Made an apple pie today using your recipe for the crust. I still cannot believe how easy it is to make and how good it turns out. My husband loves it. For so many years, I have been searching for a perfect recipe but failed miserably. Well, those days are behind me now. Thanks to you Maureen. This will be my 40th bd present ( not until Feb anyway). I couldn’t have asked for more.

    • Maureen Abood on January 23, 2017 at 6:16 PM

      This made my day! And my mom’s! Thanks so much for sharing!

  29. Rose Bergt on December 22, 2017 at 7:34 PM

    Where does the milk go. Did I miss it in the directions?

    • Maureen Abood on December 23, 2017 at 10:26 AM

      Gosh Rose, the recipe was missing a couple of steps (they fell off in a recent transfer, I suspect). Thank you for letting me know! The milk is a simple glaze for the top of the pie, to give it a golden shine.

  30. Deb Duncan on December 27, 2017 at 4:02 PM

    Hi Maureen. I will be trying this recipe, too. My mother is famous for her pies, also. She uses a simple Betty Crocker recipe with Crisco, but she bakes so much love into them that everyone who tastes one eats every bite and wants more. Her pie crusts are light and crispy and if I ever am able to do as well, I will be so happy. I’m from Iowa and I totally agree that the Midwest is the greatest place to live and raise a family (except when it gets too cold).

    • Maureen Abood on December 29, 2017 at 8:32 AM

      Our mom’s were dedicated to their Betty Crocker, weren’t they?! Lucky for us!!

  31. Saba on October 24, 2018 at 3:23 PM

    Can this dough be made ahead and frozen prior to baking without compromising texture or flavor?

    • Maureen Abood on October 26, 2018 at 9:52 AM

      You can freeze this crust in the pie plate, after you roll it out and shape it. Then freeze just to hold it’s shape, then once the crust is frozen, wrap with plastic wrap completely (this preserves the shape of the crimping rather than wrapping before freezing). Then freeze until you’re ready to bake it on it’s own or fill and bake it. No thawing is needed.

  32. Raro on June 18, 2020 at 11:38 PM

    Can we use Avocado Oil? And can we use it instead of puff pastry to stuff with meat or chicken ingredients?

    • Maureen Abood on June 24, 2020 at 9:27 AM

      Raro, I have not tested this with Avocado oil, but it’s very likely it will work well and be delicious for a savory pie.

  33. Raro on June 24, 2020 at 12:07 AM

    Can I stuff it with chicken instead of sugared fruit?

    • Maureen Abood on June 24, 2020 at 9:24 AM

      Absolutely, this crust is excellent for pot pie!

  34. Indy on June 11, 2021 at 10:29 AM

    Your mom’s recipe reminds me of a pie crust that a good friend of mine thought me how to do it. Her berry pie became our Christmas tradition dessert. The main difference between the two recipes is that she replaces half of the vegetable oil with walnut oil. The subtle taste of walnut on the crust adds an extra dimension to the flavor that goes great with fruit fillings. Thank you for sharing your mom’s recipe.

    • Maureen Abood on June 14, 2021 at 11:17 AM

      Wow, I LOVE the idea of nut oils for the pie crusts. Will be trying this immediately. Thank you so much!!

  35. sally on November 19, 2022 at 2:46 PM

    Thank you for your treasured recipe for pie crust.

    I am glad it is flaky and am asking if you think it would work for a “hand pie”, a double crusted jam filled hand tart?

    Thanks so much for your great Blog!

    Sally LaRhette

    • Maureen Abood on November 22, 2022 at 2:23 PM

      Sally this crust ought to work just fine for hand pies. I have used it for large hand-pie style slices from slab pie here.

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Maureen Abood in the kitchen

I'm so glad you're here! You'll find among these pages the fresh and classic Lebanese recipes we can't get enough of! My mission is to share my tried + true recipes -- and to help our Lebanese food-loving community keep these culinary traditions alive and on the table. What recipes are you looking for? Let me know!

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